Unexpected Ptolemy at the Carolingian Court?

You might remember I wrote a little post about a Carolingian list of eclipses from 812 and a ‘mystery eclipse’. It was a strange list because lots of the dates were out a little bit because they had been adjusted to fit with standard lunar tables. It was also surprising because some eclipses mentioned definitely… Continue reading Unexpected Ptolemy at the Carolingian Court?

Was the Arab Destruction of Luxeuil (731) Made Up?

“In 731, the great monastery founded by Columbanus at Luxeuil was raided by Arab horsemen. Those monks who could not escape were put to the sword.” So writes Tom Holland in his new book Dominion: The Making of the Western Mind. It is part of a section on the great ‘Clash of Civilisations’, the Christian… Continue reading Was the Arab Destruction of Luxeuil (731) Made Up?

Gog and Magog: Crossing Boundaries

I spent much of this week at a wonderful conference in Erlangen on Gog and Magog legends, hosted by the generous Georges Tamer and his team. The legends of Gog and Magog are one of those ‘memes’ (as Anna Ayşe Akasoy called them) that have relevance in many different Jewish, Islamic, and Christian traditions. One… Continue reading Gog and Magog: Crossing Boundaries

Paradigms and Authority in Early Medieval Astronomy

How did early medieval writers who engaged with “science” deal with issues of authority? Last week I wrote a post about how the early medieval Church[1] did not “suppress” efforts to understand the natural world in rationalised ways. Religion did not mean that people thought everything was structured by mystery magic. This week Jo Edge… Continue reading Paradigms and Authority in Early Medieval Astronomy